Glossary of Printing Terms

1-up – When artwork is supplied 1-up it is un-imposed. Each printed page is a separate page within the artwork file. When two pages are supplied on the same page in an artwork file, this is considered as being imposed or 2-up.

1 PMS Colour Printing – For a 1 PMS colour print job artwork must be supplied containing only one PMS colour. The PMS colours must be selected from the Pantone Solid Uncoated range.

2 PMS Colour Printing – For a 2 PMS colour print job artwork must be supplied containing exactly two PMS colours. The PMS colours must be selected from the Pantone Solid Uncoated range.

Bleed – There are two types of bleed, External bleed and Internal Bleed.

External Bleed is when an illustration, background or image is extended beyond the trim edge of the page. This allows for a small amount of movement that may occur when your order is being cut to size. We require 3mm of external bleed on all files (5mm on all magazines/booklets and presentation folders).

Internal bleed is when all text/important graphics are kept a certain distance in from the trim edge. This is also sometimes referred to as a ‘text safe’ area. This also allows for a small amount of movement that may occur when your order is being cut to size. We require 3mm of internal all files (5mm on all magazines/booklets and presentation folders).

For a further explanation of bleed please refer to our Artwork Tips page.

Bleed Size – This is the size of your artwork including external bleed.

E.g. the size of a DL flyer including 3mm of external bleed is 105 x 216 mm.

Border – A margin/strip around the outer edge of the artwork. We recommend that all borders are a minimum of 5mm wide on all trim edges.

Celloglaze – This is a plastic film heat bonded to printed products such as booklet covers, business cards and postcards. This provides protection, as well as a matt or gloss finish. It can be applied to one side, or both sides of a printed item. Also sometimes referred to as laminate.

CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black)
These are the colours used for full-colour printing.

Cyan, Magenta and Yellow are subtractive colours. If you combine cyan, magenta and yellow on paper, you will get what is perceived to be black. In order to get strong rich dark colours, black (K) ink is added in increasing proportions, as the colour gets darker and darker thus commercial printing is done in CMYK.

Coated Paper – Printing papers that have had a surface clay coating to give a smoother, more even finish with greater opacity. This paper is not recommended for overprinting.

Colour Mode – This is the colour setting used to create your artwork. Depending on the software you are using the default colour mode may be either RGB or CMYK. For full colour printing we require all artwork to be in CMYK colour mode.

Crop Marks – These are the black marks in the corners of your soft proof. These crop marks show where the job will be trimmed to size. Anything outside of the crop marks will be trimmed off.

Finish Size – This is the final size that your artwork will be trimmed to, e.g. the finish size of a DL flyer is 99x210mm.

Finishing – Any process that occurs after printing. This includes but is not limited to: trimming, folding, stitching, binding and laminating.

Folding – to bend the paper over itself so that one part of the sheet lies on over another part.

For additional information about folded print jobs please click here.

Greyscale – A range of grey shades from white to black, as used in a monochrome or single colour printing.

Half Fold – A method of folding where the paper is folded in half down the center of the page.

For additional information about folded print jobs please click here.

Imposed / Imposition – The arrangement or layout of pages on a printed sheet.

Laminate – This is a plastic film heat bonded to printed products such as booklet covers, business cards and postcards. This provides protection, as well as a matt or gloss finish. It can be applied to one side, or both sides of a printed item. Also sometimes referred to as celloglaze.

Low-resolution Images – If you have been advised that there may be low-resolution images in your artwork, this means that some or all of the images in your artwork are less than 250ppi. We recommend that all images be supplied at 300ppi for optimum print quality.

Perfect Binding – A form of booklet making in which all pages are glued along the spine using special adhesive (all of our perfect bound books are created with PUR adhesive). PUR adhesive offers a distinct performance advantage in comparison to regular glues. For further information in regard to this please click here.

Pixel – The coloured dots that make up the images on a computer or television screen.

PMS (Pantone Matching System) – PMS colours are standardized colours listed in the Pantone Colour Matching System. Each Pantone colour has a specific code which different printers and manufacturers can refer to in order to ensure colour consisten

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